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小学二年级知识点!be动词的过去式用法总结

日期:2018-06-29 16:26 点击:

第二学期下半学期的同学应该接触到一般过去时了。说到英语的一般过去时,我们中国的学生、特别是小学生,对它可能不是很熟悉,因为在汉语里面,没有动词的时态变化。那么在什么样的情况下,我们要用到一般过去时呢?一般过去时主要表示过去某时发生的动作或情况(包括习惯性动作),一般过去时由动词的过去式表示。也就是说在讲到以前发生或做过的事,动词就要用一般过去式。

英语动词过去式的构成有好几种,今天先谈谈be动词。

1.Be动词的过去式

小学二年级知识点!be动词的过去式用法总结

例句

I was a little boy two years ago.(一般过去时)

两年前我还是个小男孩。

I am a little boy. (一般现在时)

我是一个小男孩。

You were in Shanghai last year.(一般过去时)

你去年在上海。

You are in Shanghai. (一般现在时)

你在上海。

My grandma was young then.(一般过去时)

我奶奶那时还年轻。

My grandma is young. (一般现在时)

我奶奶很年轻。

Our school was small then.(一般过去时)

那时,我们的学校很小。

Our school is small. (一般现在时)我们学校很小。

He and I were in the same class in Grade One.(一般过去时)

我和他一年级在同一个班里。

He and I are in the same class. (一般现在时)

我和他在同一个班级。

It was sunny yesterday.(一般过去时)

昨天是晴天。

It is sunny (today). (一般现在时)

今天是晴天。

They were at home yesterday.(一般过去时)

他们昨天在家。

They are at home. (一般现在时)

他们在家。

It was Mary’s birthday yesterday. She was very happy.(一般过去时)

昨天是Mary的生日。她很高兴。

It is Mary’s birthday (today). She is happy. (一般现在时)

今天是Mary的生日,她很高兴。

注:中文翻译不必和英文原文一字字地对起来,只要把主要意思翻正确即可。

2.Be动词过去式的否定形式

小学二年级知识点!be动词的过去式用法总结

例句

I was not (wasn’t) a little boy two years ago.

两年前我还不是个小男孩。

You were not (weren’t) in Shanghai last year.

你去年不在上海。

My grandma was not (wasn’t) young then.

我奶奶那时不年轻。

Our school was not (wasn’t) small then.

那时,我们的学校不小。

He and I were not (weren’t) in the same class in Grade One.

我和他一年级不在同一个班里。

It was not (wasn’t ) sunny yesterday.

昨天不是晴天。

It was not (wasn’t) Mary’s birthday yesterday. She was not (wasn’t) very happy.

昨天不是Mary的生日。她不高兴。

3含有be动词过去式的一般疑问句形式
 

小学二年级知识点!be动词的过去式用法总结

例句

Was I a little boy two years ago?

两年前我还是个小男孩吗?

Were you in Shanghai last year?

你去年在上海吗?

Was my grandma young then?

我奶奶那时还年轻?

Was our school small then?

那时我们的学校很小吗?

Were he and I in the same class in Grade One?

我和他一年级在同一个班里吗?

Was it sunny yesterday?昨天是晴天吗?

Was it Mary’s birthday yesterday? Was she very happy?

昨天是Mary的生日吗?她高兴吗?

4.含有be动词过去式的特殊疑问句形式
 

小学二年级知识点!be动词的过去式用法总结

be动词的过去式特殊疑问句形式

例句

I was a little boy two years ago.(对I提问)

两年前我是个小男孩。

Who was a little boy two years ago?

两年前谁还是个小男孩?

You were in Shanghai last year.

你去年在上海。

When were you in Shanghai?

你何时在上海?

You were in Shanghai last year.

去年你在上海。

Where were you last year?

去年你在哪里?

My grandma was young then.

我奶奶那时还年轻。

Who was young then?

那时谁还很年轻?

My grandma was young then.

我的奶奶那时是年轻的。

How was my grandma then?

那时我的奶奶是怎样的?

Our school was small then.

那时我们的学校是小的。

How was our school then?

那时我们的学校是怎样的?

He and I were in the same class in Grade One.

我和他一年级在同一个班里。

Who were in the same class in Grade One?

谁一年级在同一个班里?

It was sunny yesterday.

昨天是晴天。

How was the weather yesterday? / What was the weather like yesterday?

昨天天气如何?

They were at home yesterday.

他们昨天在家。

Who was/were at home yesterday?

谁昨天在家?

They were at home yesterday.

他们昨天在家。

Where were they yesterday?

他们昨天在哪?

It was Mary’s birthday yesterday. She was very happy.

昨天是Mary的生日。她很高兴。

Whose birthday was it yesterday? How was she?

昨天是谁的生日?她怎么样?

It was Mary’s birthday yesterday.

昨天是Mary的生日。

When was Mary’s birthday?

Mary的生日是什么时候?

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