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2018中考英语作文考前押题:传统文化

日期:2018-06-14 16:31 点击:

传统文化是近几年中考的热点,相信今年考它的可能性会很大。中国传统节日是传统文化的一部分。

2018中考英语作文话题预测:传统文化

一、传统节日

【预测题目】

假设你是刘伟,你的美国朋友MIKE 想通过你了解中国的传统节日。请你根据提示,给Mike 写一封e-mail,向他介绍我国传统节日春节的情况。

内容提示:1.春节是中国最重要的传统节日;

2.春节期间人们的主要活动(节前、除夕、节日期间)

提示词语:Spring Festival, traditional, decorate, on the eve of the festival, get together, set off fireworks, lucky money

根据中文大意和英语提示词语,写出意思连贯、符合逻辑、不少于80词的短文。所给英文提示词供选用。注意:不要写出你的真实姓名和校名。

【参考范文】

Dear Mike,

How are you? I’m really glad that you are interested in traditional Chinese festivals. There are many traditional festivals in China, such as Spring Festival, Mid-Autumn Day and so on. I’d like to introduce the Spring Festival to you.

Spring Festival is the most important traditional holiday in China. It usually lasts for 15 days.Days before the festival, people clean their houses. They think cleaning sweeps any bad luck. They decorate their houses with paper cuts. On the eve of the festival, family members get together and have big meals. Then they watch the Spring Festival Gala on TV. At midnight, they set off fireworks to welcome the New Year. During the festival, kids get lucky money from old people. People visit their relatives and friends. They wish one another a happy year and good luck. How happy we are.

Best wishes!

Yours,

Liu Wei

二、中国传统礼仪、习俗

【预测题目】

假设你是张华,你的美国朋友MIKE 想通过你了解中国的传统礼仪和习俗。请你根据提示,给Mike 写一封e-mail,向他介绍中国的礼仪、习俗。

1.谈论中国的礼仪习俗和被期望做的事。

2.正确运用 be supposed/expected to do…表示应该或被期望做的事情.

3. 正确使用 It is + adj.+to do…表达看法和观点。

【参考范文】

Dear Mike,

I’m glad to hear from you. It’s true that Chinese customs are different from yours in America. Let me give you some suggestions about Chinese customs.

When you meet others for the first time,you are supposed to shake hands instead of kissing. It’s polite to hand out your right hand and shake it with another person’s right hand. When you are eating at the table, you should let the old start first. When you are eating with your chopsticks, it’s impolite to point at other people with your chopsticks. It’s also impolite to stick your chopsticks into the bowl of rice and leave them there.

When you go out with people, you are supposed to tell the hostess where you are going, who you are going with and when you will come back. In our culture, the hostess will worry about the safety of her guests, so it’s polite to let her know these things.

Have a safe trip and I look forward to meeting you soon!

Yours,

Zhang Hua

三、传统文化保护

【预测题目】

某中学生英文报就“保护中国传统文化”为主题举行英语征文活动。你准备给该报投稿,稿件内容包括:

1. 保护中国传统文化的重要性

2. 列举你所知道的国家或当地政府文化保护的事例;

3. 谈谈你对文化保护的建议。

【参考范文】

Protect Traditional Chinese Culture

The protection of national and folk culture is of great significance to Chinese cultural diversity and also to the harmonious development between local economic and social development. It is reported that the Guangdong government pays special attention to protecting Chaoju(潮剧), a local drama born in Chaozhou in the eastern Guangdong province.

In my opinion, some measures should be taken to protect traditional culture effectively. To start with, we should make a law to regulate the society’s performance. Besides, we should draw more people’s attention to it, for the more they know about the importance of culture protection, the stronger support we can get from the public.

In a word, it is high time for us to treasure and develop our own valuable culture.

中国主要传统节日 Chinese Traditional Festival

1.春节(农历一月一日)the Spring Festival

2.除夕(农历十二月三十日)the New Year’s Eve

3.中秋节(农历八月十五)the Mid-Autumn Festival

4.元宵节(农历一月十五)the Lantern Festival

5.端午节(农历五月初五)the Dragon Boat Festival

6.清明节(4月5日)the Qingming Festival / the Tomb-Sweeping Day

7.重阳节(农历九月九日)the Double Ninth Festival

8.元旦(1月1日)New Year’s Day

新年习俗 New Year Customs

过年celebrate the Spring Festival

拜年pay a New Year visit; give New Year’s greetings

看春节联欢晚会watch the CCTV New Year’s Gala

贴春联put up/paste Spring Festival couplets

串亲戚 pay a New Year visit to relatives and friends

逛庙会go to the temple fair

看花灯watch flower lanterns

放鞭炮set off firecrackers; let off firecrackers

放烟花set off fireworks

春联the Spring Festival couplets

剪纸paper cut paper-cut

压岁钱gift money; money given to children as a lunar new year gift

舞龙dragon dance(to expect good weather and good harvests)(play dragon dance)

舞lion dance(the lion is believed to be able to dispel evil and bring good luck)

中国主要传统文化 Chinese Traditional Culture

剪纸paper cut

中国结Chinese knot

风筝kite

脸谱facial mask

京剧Being Opera/Peking Opera

太极拳Tai Chi

汉字Chinese character

筷子chopsticks

中国功夫Kung fu

儒家文化Confucian culture

中国传统戏曲Chinese traditional opera

传统中国建筑traditional Chinese architecture

纪念品souvenir

著名景点 Places of Interest in Beijing

胡同Maoer Hutong

故宫the Forbidden City; the Palace Museum

颐和园the Summer Palace

圆明园the Yuanmingyua Park

长城the Great Wall

天安门广场Tian’anmen Square

天坛the Temple of Heaven

鸟巢the Bird Nest

水立方the Water Cube

香山the Fragrant Hill

国家博物馆the National Museum of China

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