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主页 > 新闻 > 最新资讯 > 中学生辅导 > 历年中考英语错题合集!这些单选题一不小心就丢分


日期:2018-05-23 16:09 点击:



1. ________ it is today!

A. What fine weather

B. What a fine weather

C. How a fine weather

D. How fine a weather

解析:选A. 此题容易误选B. weather是不可数名词,前面不能有不定冠词。英语中经常考查的不可数名词有work, news, adivice, information等。

2. Which is the way to the __________?

A. shoe factory

B. shoes factory

C. shoe’s factory

D. shoes’ factory

解析:选A. 此题极易误选B, C, D. 英语中名词单数可以修饰名词,如: an apple tree—two apple trees. 但注意 a man teacher—two men teachers。

3. This class ________ now. Miss Gao teaches them.

A. are studying

B. is studying

C. be studying

D. studying

解析:选A. 此题容易误选B. class, family, team等单词如果表示整体谓语就用单数,表示个体就用复数,从语境及其后面的代词them可以看出,class表示个体,故选择A。

4. We will have a _________ holiday after the exam.

A. two month

B. two-month

C. two month’s

D. two-months

解析:选择B. 此题容易误选C, D. 在英语中数词中间用连字符号加名词单数,构成符合名词,在句中只能作定语, 如果选择C, 需要把逗号放s后面。

5. There is no enough ________ on the corner to put the table.

A. place

B. room

C. floor

D. ground

解析:选B. 此题最容易误选A.。 room在句中是空间而非房间。句意:角落里没有摆桌子的空间了。

6. We can have _____ blue sky if we create _____ less polluted world.

A. a; a

B. a; the

C. the; a

D. the; the

解析:选A. 此题容易误选C, D. 根据句意:如果我们创造一个没有污染的世界,那么我们就用一个蓝色的天空。

7. — Are you ________ American or English?

— English. We are working in Wuhu.

A. a


C. the

D. an

解析:选B 此题容易误选D. 句中American是形容词而非名词,如果句中改为Are you __________ or an English man? 就选择D。

8. You like playing basketball, and he likes running, _______?

A. don’t you

B. doesn’t he

C. do you

D. does he

解析:选择B. 此题容易误选A. 其实不是对前面的句中进行反问,而是对he likes running进行反问。

9. —Why not take ____ umbrella with the sign “ Made in China”? It is _____ useful umbrella.

—What _______ good advice it is!

A. an; an; a

B. an; a; 不填

C. a; an; a

D. 不填; an; a

解析:选B. 大多数学生容易做错此题。记住an用在元音音素前而不是元音字母前,记住了这一点就知道了an umbrella 和a useful umbrella. 在最后一句中advice是不可数名词,前面不能接不定冠词。故选择B。

10. —When shall we meet again next week?

— ____ day is possible. It’s no problem with me.

A. Either

B. Neither

C. Every

D. Any

解析:此题非常难,选D. 下周任何一天都可以再次见面。Any在肯定句中意思是“任何的”。下周有七天容易排除A, B. 如果把next week 改为next Monday or Tuesday, 则必须选择A。

11. Robert has gone to ____ city and he’ll be back in a week.

A. other

B. the other

C. another

D. any other

解析:选C. 三个以上另外一个用another, other一般情况下修饰名词复数, the other表示两个中的另外一个,any other任何别的。句意:罗伯特去了另一个城市,一周后回来。

12.—A latest magazine, please.

—Only one left. Would you like to have ________?

A. it

B. one

C. this

D. that

解析:选A. 此题容易误选B. 根据句意:— 买一份最新报纸,—只剩下一份了,你要买这份吗?据此我们知道指的就是手里的那份报纸,并不是同一类事物。

13. —Which book would you like to borrow?

—_______ of the two books is OK with me.

A. Either

B. Both

C. Any

D. None

解析:选A. 此题容易误选B. 根据two books好容易排除C, D. 从谓语动词单数is 我们排除B。故选择A。

14. Mrs. Lee teaches ________ math. We all like her.

A. we

B. us

C. our

D. ours

解析: 选B. 考查学生对teach sb sth。的掌握情况。 此题容易误选C. 误选C的学生是看见后面有名词math, 思维定势名词前面必须用形容词性物主代词。

15. There are many trees on ________ side of the street.

A. either

B. any

C. all

D. both

解析:选A. 此题容易误选D. 街道只有两边,排除B, C. both后面接复数,on either side of the strreet等于on the both sides of. 。如果选择D. side必须用复数形式。

16.________ is the population of the city?

A. How many

B. What

C. How many people

D. How much

解析:B. 此题容易误选A, C. 人口多少用What. 相当于How many people are there in the city?

17. —Why don’t we take a little break?

— Didn’t we just have _______ ?

A. it

B .that

C. one

D. this

解析:选 C. 同类事物用one. 句意:—为什么我们不休息一会儿?—刚才我们不是才休息吗?

18. The teacher asked the boy many questions,but he only answered___ of them.





解析:A. 此题会误选D. 但前面有only, 如果去掉副词则选D。

19.About ______ the fans are waiting here. They want to see the great singer.

A. two thousand of

B.two thousand

C.thousand of

D.two thousands of

解析:选D. 此题极容易选错,误认为是B. 但two thousand后面直接接名词复数,不能有冠词the, 句意是:歌迷中大约有2000人在那里等,想看看这位伟大的歌星。

20. —How many apples do I have?

— You can have ______. I want none of them.

A. one

B. all

C. both


解析:选B. 学生易误选A , D. 其实如果没有I want none of them这句话,四个答案都是对的。从句意:我一个也不想要,就知道你可以吃所有苹果。

21.Japan is ________ the east of China. Taiwan is ____ the southeast of China.

A. in; in

B. to; in

C. on ; to

D. in; to

解析:选B. 日本位于中国东部(外面)用to, 台湾位于中国东部(内部)用in。

22.The postman shouted, “ Mr Green, here is a letter ________ you.”

A. to

B. from

C. for

D. of

解析:选C. 介词的考查。句意:Mr Green, 这是你的信。学生容易误选A。

23.He hasn’t heard from his friend __________ last month.

A. since

B. by the end of

C. for

D. until

解析: A. 此题学生容易受思维定势not… until…的影响误选D。since用于现在完成时,如果此题是一般过去时就选择D。

24.—Jimmy lost his key yesterday.

—________? It’s his third time in just one month.

A. Has he

B. Did he

C. Was he

D. Does he

解析:B. 根据上一句一般过去时可以判断。

25.You’ve passed the exam. I’m happy ______ you.

A. on

B. at

C. in

D. for

解析:选D. 句意:你考试及格了,我为你高兴。

26. I wonder ________ they finished so many different jobs in such a short time.

A. why

B. how

C. when

D. where

解析:选B. 句意:我想知道他在如此短的时间内是怎样完成这么多不同工作的。

27. —Ought I to go right now?


A. That’s very bad.

B. Yes, you go ought to

C. Yes, you ought

D. No, you ought not to

解析:选D. 句子的肯定回答为:Yes, you ought to. 否定回答为:No, you ought not to.

28. I don’t know when he ________. When he _______ here, I’ll call you in a minute.

A. will come; will arrive

B. comes; arrices

C. will come; arrives

D. comes; will arrive

解析:选C. 第一句是宾语从句根据语境用一般将来时,第二句是时间状语从句,由于主句是一般将来时,那么从句要用一般现在时来代替。

29. He turned ________ the radio a little because his father was asleep.

A. on

B. down

C. up

D. off

解析:选B. 此题学生会误选D. 但后面有个副词短语a little, 故选择B, 意为:把收音机调小一点,父亲在睡觉。如果去掉a little则选择D。

30. I don’t know the homework _______ today.

A. on

B. in

C. of

D. for

解析:选D. 句意: 我不知道今天的家庭作业。

31. —Would you like some coffee?

—Yes, and please get me some milk. I prefer coffee _____ milk.

A. with

B. to

C. of

D. on

解析:A. 此题学生极易受思维定势prefer… to… 的影响误选B。句意:我喜欢加牛奶的咖啡。

32. They each ___ a book. Each of them ___ from China.

A. has;are

B. have; is

C. are having;are

D. is having;is

解析:选B. 此题考查主谓一致。此题应该用一般现在时,排除C, D. each作同位语谓语动词与主语保持一致,each做主语谓语动词用单数。

33. — __________ you ________ your book to the library?

— Yes. I returned it yesterday.

A. Did, return

B. Have, returned

C. Will, return

D. Do, return

解析:选择B. 此题容易误选A. 从句意看:你把书归还图书馆了吗?是的。我昨天归还了。对现在的影响是“书不在这儿了”。

34. Though it’s cloudy now, it _________ get sunny later.

A. can

B. may

C. must

D. need

解析:选B. 表示可能性用may. Can主要表示两种用法,一种是表示能力,另外一种是请求许可; must必须;need需要。

35.It is in the library, you _______ talk loudly.

A. may not

B. can’t

C. needn’t

D. mustn’t


36. If anyone wants to say something in class, you ________ put up your hands first.

A. must

B. may

C. should

D. can

解析:选C。 句意: 课堂上如果你想说点东西,你应该举手。

37.The pen _________ him ten yuan.

A. paid

B. cost

C. took

D. spent

解析:选B. 动词辨析。主语是物用cost. Pay, spend的主语是人。 Take的形式主语是it。

38. The train _________ for twenty minutes.

A. left

B. has left

C. is leaving

D. has been away

解析:选D. 此题形式会误选B. 但瞬间性动词不能与一段时间for twenty minutes连用。

39. — How many books _____ they ________?

— Five. But they haven’t finished reading even one.

A. did…borrow

B. had…borrowed

C . will…borrow

D. do…borrow

解析:选A。 此题考查时态,根据语境:他们一本也没有读完。可知他们以前借了5本书。强调过去。

40. He _________ his bike,so he has to walk there.

A. lost

B. has lost

C. had lost

D. loses

解析:选B. 此题考查时态,根据语境他丢了自行车,对现在造成的影响是不得不走路。

















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